LNG demand from top global buyers to grow four-fold to 80 MTPA by 2030
The major LNG buyers - CNOOC, CPC, JERA, KOGAS, PetroChina, Sinopec and Tokyo Gas - account for more than 50 per cent of the global LNG marketE
New Delhi: The uncontracted demand by the world's seven largest LNG buyers could quadruple to 80 million tonnes per annum (MTPA) by 2030, according to research and consultancy firm Wood Mackenzie.
The major LNG buyers - CNOOC, CPC, JERA, KOGAS, PetroChina, Sinopec and Tokyo Gas - together account for more than 50 per cent of the global LNG market. These Northeast Asian players have become active in global LNG contracting activity, with over 16 mmtpa of contracts announced this year.
"As China pushes on towards a lower-emission economy, its demand for gas and LNG has grown significantly and we expect the trend to continue in the longer term," said research director, Nicholas Browne. "Other traditional major buyers, on the other hand, are facing legacy contract expiries and will be on the hunt for a mix of contracts to lower average costs and security in supply sources," he added.
On the supply front, 2019 could be a record year for LNG project sanctions with over 220 mmtpa of gas targeting final investment decision (FID). Some of the less prepared or competitive projects will slip into 2020 and beyond, but nonetheless a bumper year beckons.
Frontrunners to get the green light include the $27 billion Arctic LNG-2 in Russia, at least one project in Mozambique and three in the US. Nearer to Asia, expansion and backfill projects in Australia and Papua New Guinea will also be in the running.
However, LNG suppliers will need to ensure they can meet the changing needs of major LNG buyers as they seek a variety of contracts to meet their different needs. In addition to price, factors such as contract flexibility, index, source diversification, upstream participation and seasonality will all be considerations